How it was Started: The Americans were able to crack a naval frequency code that disiphered the day and time the Japanese naval force were to attack the Midway Islands and that gave the Americans the upper hand by knowing what the Japanese were doing every second. The Japanese were on top and winning the war, but America was ready for the attack. The first attack the Japanese made on the Americans was a Japanese divebomber attacked an American naval ship. It was shot down by a warship gun turret and the battle broke out around the Midway Islands.
The Battle: The Battle of Midway was a naval and aircraft battle fought on June 4, 1942. Many ships and men were lost in battle. The main fear of an aircraft carrier in the battle was the divebomber due to its vast skills, high quality speeds, and weaponry system. In the battle, over 200 veteran pilots and aircrafts were lost. Over the course of the battle the Japanese lost 4 carrier ships, 1 cruiser and 3,057 men were killed in one day. For the Americans, they lost one carrier, 1 destroyer and 307 men were killed. The fight in the Pacific could have been over for the U.S and cost many more lives than necessary if the Japanese didn't make some key mistakes.
The Japanese leader Yamato was the one that made the most mistakes. This first of many mistakes made by Japan during the battle caused their complete and utter defeat. Nagumo launched 108 planes at 4:30 am on June 4th. At 6:20 am, Japan bombed the Midway Islands. After this Nagumo had the choice to take on other US ships, but his planes had low fuel. In the end Nagumo made the fateful decision to wait for his first strike force and decided to land his planes, and then launch the reserve strike force which would be better armed with ammo, bombs, and fuel. During this time, the US had launched the USS Yorktown. The fleet that attacked Midway Islands consisted of 2 battle ships, 1 light ship, 8 heavy ship cruisers, 22 destroyers, 12 transporters, 1,500 marines, and 36 divebombers. At 9:20 am, American cruisers began to counter attack the Japanese cruisers. Then at 10:20 am, the Yorktown and Enterprise began attacking Japanese cruisers. Then Japan badly damaged the Yorktown by bombing her. She was quickly repaired at such a astonishing rate that the next fleet of Japanese aircrafts thought she was a completely new ship. She was eventually sunk later in the battle. Yamato decided to send his wounded forces into the East and attack the US carriers. Eventually he decided to retreat back into the West with his destroyed navy.
-It was a triumph because it helped save lives in retrospect, it helped build moral, and it stopped the Japanese's advance and control of the Pacific.
-It was a tradgedy for it cost many lives and a lot of equipment was damaged.
The Outcome of it: The outcome of the war was that the Americans turned the tides on the Japanese and won. The outcome was the loss of two to three hundred skilled pilots and 4-5 carrier war ships. Many lives were taken and it was the only naval battle on record to be fought with aircrafts and bombers. The Japanese were on top at first, but America was able to fight back to be on top.
The Commanders of Battle: There were a few American and Japanese commanders that need to be recognized who helped to support their troops in the battle.
-Admiral Chester W Nimitz.
-Frank J. Fletcher.
-Ramond A. Spruance.
-50 support ships
-233 carrier aircrafts
-127 land base anti-air craft
-307 killed marines or navy personnel
Empire of Japan:
-150 support ships
-248 carrier aircrafts
-16 float planesCasualties: